Author(s): Reshma Omanakuttan, Indira G, Soorya L S

Email(s): reshmaomanakuttan214@gmail.com

DOI: 10.52711/2231-5659.2023.00036   

Address: Reshma Omanakuttan1*, Indira G2, Soorya L S3
1M Pharm Scholar, Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Government Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala University of Health Sciences.
2Professor, Department of Pharmacognosy, College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Government Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala University of Health Sciences.
3M Pharm Scholar, Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Government Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala University of Health Sciences.
*Corresponding Author

Published In:   Volume - 13,      Issue - 3,     Year - 2023


ABSTRACT:
Cassia fistula L., also known as ‘Golden shower tree’ or ‘Indian laburnum’ of the Fabaceae family, is a common ornamental tree with various medicinal uses. It is a medium or large-sized deciduous tree found in Asian countries, especially in India, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Thailand, etc. This species has cultural importance as it is the national tree of Thailand and the flower is considered as the state flower of Kerala. Various medicinal activities are identified on basis of traditional knowledge. This research article enlightens the physicochemical characters, comparative successive solvent extraction, and qualitative phytochemical screening of various extracts of Cassia fistula L. roots. The present study aims to compare successive solvent extraction (maceration and soxhlation) for the estimation of yield and qualitative phytochemical screening of extracts obtained through both extractions. Two methods of successive solvent extraction were done, i.e., maceration and soxhlation using solvents of increasing polarity such as petroleum ether, chloroform, ethyl acetate, methanol, and distilled water. The phytochemical tests were carried out for each extract using standard methods of analysis and these investigations. The yields of extract were calculated as %w/w in all five solvents. Comparison of extraction methods helps to determine which method gives the maximum yield of extraction and preliminary phytochemical studies help to find out the secondary metabolites present in the extracts from both methods and compare the results.


Cite this article:
Reshma Omanakuttan, Indira G, Soorya L S. Comparative Analysis of Maceration and Soxhlation for the Extraction and Preliminary Phytochemical Screening of the Roots of Cassia fistula L. Asian Journal of Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2023; 13(3):206-0. doi: 10.52711/2231-5659.2023.00036

Cite(Electronic):
Reshma Omanakuttan, Indira G, Soorya L S. Comparative Analysis of Maceration and Soxhlation for the Extraction and Preliminary Phytochemical Screening of the Roots of Cassia fistula L. Asian Journal of Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2023; 13(3):206-0. doi: 10.52711/2231-5659.2023.00036   Available on: https://ajpsonline.com/AbstractView.aspx?PID=2023-13-3-4


REFERENCES:
1.    B. D. Basu, K. R. Kirtikar. Indian medicinal plants. Lalit Mohan Basu publishers Allahabad. 1935; 2 ed: pp. 856.
2.    Arshad H. Rahmani et al. Cassia fistula Linn: Potential candidate in the health management. Pharmacognosy Research. 2015; 7(3): 217–224. DOI:10.4103/0974-8490.157956.
3.    Aisha Siddiqua et al. The Traditional Uses, Phytochemistry and Pharmacological Properties of Cassia fistula. Journal of Pharmacology and Pharmaceutical Research. 2018; 2(1): 15-23. DOI:10.26502/jppr.0006.
4.    Dilip Kumar Sharma. Enumerations on phytochemical, pharmacological and ethnobotanical properties of Cassia fistula Linn: yellow shower. The Journal of Phytopharmacology. 2017; 6(5): 300-306. DOI:10.31254/phyto.2017.6509.
5.    Bahorun et al. Phytochemical constituents of Cassia fistula. African Journal of Biotechnology. 2006; 4(13): 1530-1540. DOI:10.4314/ajfand.v4i13.71772.
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