Author(s): Akhlaq Mustafa, Anas Iqbal Alvi, Mahesh Chandera, Ghazala Javed, Asim Ali Khan

Email(s): amh786786@gmail.com

DOI: 10.52711/2231-5659.2023.00002   

Address: Akhlaq Mustafa1*, Anas Iqbal Alvi2, Mahesh Chandera3, Ghazala Javed4, Asim Ali Khan5
1Research Officer (Chemistry) Drug Standardization Research Unit, Central Council for Research in Unani Medicine, New Delhi.
2Research Assistant (Chemistry) Drug Standardization Research Unit, Central Council for Research in Unani Medicine, New Delhi.
3Laboratory Technician, Drug Standardization Research Unit, Central Council for Research in Unani Medicine, New Delhi.
4Research Officer (Unani), Incharge, Drug Standardization Research Unit, Central Council for Research in Unani Medicine, New Delhi.
5Director General, Central Council for Research in Unani Medicine, 61- 65, Institutional Area, Janakpuri, New Delhi.
*Corresponding Author

Published In:   Volume - 13,      Issue - 1,     Year - 2023


ABSTRACT:
Due to their sweet flavor, impressive nutritional value, and various health benefits, mulberries are gaining popularity worldwide. Mulberries are colorful berries that are eaten both fresh and dried. They're a good source of iron, vitamin C, and several plant compounds and have been linked to lower cholesterol, blood sugar, and cancer risk. Mulberries are the fruits of mulberry trees (Morus sp.) and are related to figs and breadfruit. The trees are traditionally grown for their leaves mainly in Asia and North America as they’re the only food that silkworms eat. They carry colorful berries most commonly black, white, or red that are often made into wine, fruit juice, tea, jam, or canned foods, but can also be dried and eaten as a snack. Mulberries have a decent amount of fiber. The present communication carries an attempt to evaluate the study of phytochemical physicochemical parameters e. g. successive extractive values in different solvents, ash values, alcohol, water, and hexane soluble extractives, moisture contents, loss of weight on drying at 105oC, pH values of 1% and 10 % aqueous solutions, qualitative and quantitative mineral contents, and thin layer chromatography of different extracts. Besides, the qualitative and quantitative analysis of Phyto-constituents like alkaloids, total phenolics, tannins, sugar contents, crude fibers, proteins, and estimation of heavy metals, microbial loads, pesticide residues, and aflatoxins were also carried out which will be useful in the identification and control of the possible adulterations of the raw drug.


Cite this article:
Akhlaq Mustafa, Anas Iqbal Alvi, Mahesh Chandera, Ghazala Javed, Asim Ali Khan. Physico and phytochemical standardization of nutritionally rich mulberry fruits (Morus indica Linn). Asian Journal of Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2023; 13(1):6-2. doi: 10.52711/2231-5659.2023.00002

Cite(Electronic):
Akhlaq Mustafa, Anas Iqbal Alvi, Mahesh Chandera, Ghazala Javed, Asim Ali Khan. Physico and phytochemical standardization of nutritionally rich mulberry fruits (Morus indica Linn). Asian Journal of Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2023; 13(1):6-2. doi: 10.52711/2231-5659.2023.00002   Available on: https://ajpsonline.com/AbstractView.aspx?PID=2023-13-1-2


REFERENCE:
1.    Pemberton R.W.  and Nam Sook Lee Wild Food Plants in South Korea; Market Presence, New Crops, and Exports to the United States. Economic Botany, Vol. 50, No. 1 (Jan. - Mar. 1996), pp. 57-70.
2.    Bean.W.Publisher Murray; Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement.Year1981.
3.    Elmacı, Y., Altuğ, T., 2002. Flavor evaluation of three black mulberries (Morusnigra) cultivars using GC/MS, chemical, and sensory data. J. Sci. Food Agric., 82 (6): 632 - 635. [doi:10.1002/js.1085].
4.    Diaz-Diaz, E., Darias Romero, C ., 2003. Alcoholic beverages are obtained from black mulberry. Food Technol. Biotechnol., 41(2):173-176.
5.    Arabshahi-Delouee, S., Urooj, A., 2007. Antioxidant properties of various solvent extracts of mulberry (Morus indica L.) leaves, Food Chem., 102(4): 1233 - 1240. [do: 10.1016/ j.foodchem.2006.07.013].
6.    Ercisli, S., Orhan, E., 2007. Chemical composition of white (Morus alba), red (Morusrubra), and black (M. nigra) mulberry fruits. Food Chem., 103(4):1380-1384. [doi:10. 1016/j. food chem.2006.10.054]
7.    The Wealth of India, CSIR, New Delhi 1962, V1, 429 – 439.
8.    Hyderabad Indian Medicinal Plants, Orient Longman Limited, 1997, 65 – 67.
9.    Basu, B.D., and Kirtikar K.R. Indian Medicinal Plants, International book distributors, 1987, 1(2), 2308 – 2309.
10.    Bown. D.PublisherEncyclopedia of Herbs and their Uses. Dorling Kindersley, London.1995ISBN0-7513-020-31
11.    Huxley. A.The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. Publisher MacMillan Press1992ISBN0-333-47494-5
12.    Chopra. R. N., Nayar. S. L. and Chopra. I. C. Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants (Including the Supplement).Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi. 240, 1986.
13.    Manandhar. N. P. Publisher Timber Press. Oregon.Plants and 272 People of Nepal, 2002 ISBN 0-88192-527-6    
14.    A Barefoot Doctors Manual. Publisher Running Press; Philadelphia.1977 ISBN 0-914294-92-X
15.    Websitehttp://flora.huh.harvard.edu /china/Flora of China Publisher Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis. Year1994.
16.    Websitehttp://ec.Europa.EU/growth/tools-databases/costing/CosIng is the European Commission database for information on cosmetic substances and ingredients
17.    Chu, Q.; Lin, M.; Tian, X.; Ye, J. Study on capillary electrophoresis-amperometric detection profiles of different parts of Morus alba L. J. Chromatogr. 2006, 1116, 286–290.
18.    Anonymous, 1991, Physicochemical Standards of Unani Formulations, CCRUM, Ministry of Health  and Family Welfare, Govt. of India, New Delhi, Part III, pp. 312, 314, 317, 329-330.
19.    Jenkins GL, KnevelAM, Diagangi FE, 2008. Quantitative Pharmaceutical Chemistry. CBS Publishers and Distributors Pvt. Ltd, New Delhi, 6th ed., pp.225-227, 235-242.
20.    Anonymous, 2011. : Quality Control Methods for Medicinal Plants Materials. WHO Geneva, Switzerland.
21.    Jahan, N;  Afaque  S;  Khan,  N; Ahmad, G  and Ansari  A; 2008.  : Physico-chemical studies of the Gum acacia. Natural Product Radiance 7(4): 335-337.
22.    AOAC. 1995. Official method of analysis. Association of official analytical chemists. 16th ed. Arlington, VA.
23.    Pearson, D; The Chemical analysis of Foods, sixth edition, J and A Churchill. 104 Gloucester Place, London, 1970, Pp 9.
24.    Physicochemical Standards Of Unani Formulations, Part-1, Central Council for Research in Unani Medicine, Ministry of Health  and Family Welfare, Govt. of India, New Delhi, Publication no. 18, 1986. Pp 63-64.
25.    Bligh, E., and W.J. Dyer. 1959. A rapid method of total lipid extraction and purifications. Can J Biochem Physiol. 37:341.
26.    Sethuramani, A,. Devi, P,. Jaslin, E,. Meera, R and Kameswari. A.,: Phyto - Physico Chemical Evaluation and Anti Microbial Activity of Morus alba Linn. Research J. Pharm. and Tech. 4(3): March 2011; Page 480-48.
27.    Mustafa, Akhlaq; Alvi, A. I; Asim, S. M; Akhter, P; Siddiqui, Z. A; Meena R. P.   and Asim Ali Khan. : Phytochemical and Pharmacognostical evaluation of an antiinflammatory and Hapatoprotective poly-pharmaceutical preparation “Qurs-e-Zarishk”. Research Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 2022; 14(1):5-10.
28.    Mustafa, Akhlaq; Alvi,  A.  I;  Siddiqui. Z. A and. Meena, R. P: Heavy metals determination in Microwave digested aqueous extracts of fresh and market samples of some Plant origin drugs with reference to their preliminary Comparative Physicochemical Evaluation. Res. J. Pharmacognosy and Phytochem. 2021; 13(1):11-17.
29.    Anonymous, 1998, Quality Control methods for medicinal plant materials, World Health Organization, Geneva, Pp. 25-28.
30.    Anonymous, 2000 Association of Official Analytical Chemists (AOAC), 17th edition, Association of Official Analytical Chemists.
31.    Mustafa, Akhlaq and Ali Mohammed; Pharmacodynamics Comparative Phyto and Physico-chemical Standardization of Fresh and Different market samples with the Anti-inflammatory Studies of Fruit Parts of Malva sylvestris L. Research Journal of Pharmacology and Pharmacodynamics. 14(4): October - December 2022.
32.    Stahl, E. Thin Layer Chromatography – A laboratory handbook. George Allen and Unwin Limited. 1996.

Recomonded Articles:

Author(s): K.Vijaya Sri, Guda Santhoshini, D. Ravi Sankar, K.Niharika

DOI: 10.5958/2231-5659.2018.00005.X         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Vrushali R. Kadam, M. P. Patil, Vrushali V. Pawar, Sanjay Kshirsagar

DOI: 10.5958/2231-5659.2017.00030.3         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Pradeep Sahu, Neha Pinkalwar, Ravindra Dhar Dubey, Shweta Paroha, Shilpi Chatterjee, Tanushree Chatterjee

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Aprajita Shifali, Pravin Kumar, Vinay Pandit

DOI: 10.5958/2231-5659.2021.00012.6         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Ch. Nagadev, M. Durga Srinivasa Rao, P. Venkatesh, D. Hepcykalarani, R. Prema

DOI: 10.5958/2231-5659.2020.00021.1         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Muhammed Jameel VP, Ravikumar, Narayanaswamy VB

DOI: 10.5958/2231-5659.2016.00017.5         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Akshay R. Yadav, Shrinivas K. Mohite, Chandrakant S. Magdum

DOI: 10.5958/2231-5659.2020.00028.4         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): G. Vasavi, P. Naga Haritha, B. Chandrashekar

DOI: 10.5958/2231-5659.2018.00021.8         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Shubham Jaiswal, Sarin A. Chavhan, Sushilkumar A. Shinde, N.K. Wawge

DOI: 10.5958/2231-5659.2018.00029.2         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Sarmistha Rej, Madhurima Dutta, Shahid Jamal, Sumanta Das ,Sabyasachi Chatterjee

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Divya B., Sabitha P., Ravindra Reddy, M. Kranthi Kumar Reddy , B.Narasimha Rao

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): R. Ramya, R. Sivasakthi, C. Senthilkumar, J. Anudeepa, N. Santhi , R. Venkata Narayanan

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Swapnil R. Lahamage, Avinash B. Darekar, Ravindra B. Saudagar

DOI: 10.5958/2231-5659.2016.00008.4         Access: Open Access Read More

Asian Journal of Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences (AJPSci) is an international, peer-reviewed journal, devoted to pharmaceutical sciences....... Read more >>>

RNI: Not Available                     
DOI: 10.52711/2231-5659 


Recent Articles




Tags