Parentrals are the sterile products which are directly administered into the systemic circulation. The goods are to be specifically injected into the bloodstream or body tissue. e.g: If any person takes a drug by oral route, digestive system has the ability to detect and kill any bacteria which can be hitched a tablet ride. Parentrals are sterile, pyrogen-free dosage forms types given by the methods without the oral route. The word parentral which is obtained from the Greek word ‘para’, meaning bowel outside and ‘enter’ means intestine.
Cite this article:
Pallavi D. Namdas, Bhavna J. Deshmane, Manish S. Kondawar. Review on Parentrals. Asian J. Res. Pharm. Sci. 2021; 11(1):45-50. doi: 10.5958/2231-5659.2021.00008.4
Pallavi D. Namdas, Bhavna J. Deshmane, Manish S. Kondawar. Review on Parentrals. Asian J. Res. Pharm. Sci. 2021; 11(1):45-50. doi: 10.5958/2231-5659.2021.00008.4 Available on: https://ajpsonline.com/AbstractView.aspx?PID=2021-11-1-8
Samesh AS Alariqi.
Stabilization of Gamma –Sterilized EPDM by Synergistic Mixtures of Food-
contact approved Stabilizers. Asian J. Research Chem. 3(1): Jan.-Mar. 2010,
Som Shankar Dubey.
Remove on Removal of Radiotoxic Ions from Aqueous Solutions. Asian J. Research
Chem. 2019; 12(1):37-40.
MH Dehghan, Varsha
M Gaikwad, Baby Dandge. Nasal Absorption of Drugs – Barriers and Solutions.
Research J. Pharm. and Tech .2(4): Oct.-Dec. 2009; Page 634-641.
Naik JB, Mokale
VJ, More DB, Bari MM, Chavhan RB, More BB. Failure of Coated Pellets into
Tablets – Problems and Solutions. Research J. Pharm. and Tech. 4 (1): January
2011; Page 43-46.
T.G. Yarnykh. Justification for the Choice of Excipients of Injectable Solution
Based on Essential Phospholipids. Research J. Pharm. and Tech. 9(1): Jan., 2016;
Shreya. S, C.
Kanthaswami. Lesion Sterilization and Tissue Repair- A Review. Research J.
Pharm. and Tech. 2017; 10(5): 1539-1542.
Pulak Deb, Suvakanta Dash. Studies on In-Situ Forming Thermo Sensitive
Injectable Polymeric gel for Sustained Drug Delivery. Research J. Pharm. and
Tech.2017; 10 (6): 1840-1847.
Sneha Thomas, R.
Selvakumar, S Mahendran. Formulation and Evolution of an Injectable Dosage
Form. Res. J. Pharma. Dosage Forms and Tech.2019; 11(1);47-52.
Pathak. On Solutions of Some Functional-Integral Equation in Banach Algebra.
Research J. Science and Tech 5(3): July-Sept., 2013 page 358-362.
Approximating solutions for the system of ᶲ-strongly accretive operator
equations. Research J. Science and Tech 5(3): July-Sept., 2013 page 357-383.
Amrutha A.V, Gangadharappa
H.V, Kiran H.C, Shuchithra S; “In-Process and Finished Products Quality Control
Tests for Sterile and Non Sterile Dosage Form”; Volume-45(1), July-August 2017,
Page no. 206-214.
Pawan singh and Mr. Mohd. Semimum Akthar; “International Journal of Advanced
Research (Ijar)”; Vol-4(9), Page no.983-998.
Sujata D. Dongare,
Sachin S. Mali, Prasad V. Patrekar; “Sterile
Parentral Products: A Narrative Approach"; Vol-5(1), 13 Jan 2015, Page
R. M. Mehta, Page no.244-268.
Lakshmi.M, Anju S., Palanichamy.S and Solairaj P. “Parentrals – A Versatile and
Promising Drug Delivery System”; Volume 3, Issue-5, 24 April 2014, Page no.481-505.
Mr. Sagar Kishor
Savale; “In Process Quality Control Tests (IPQC) for Parentral or Sterile
Dosage Forms”;13 October 2018, Page no.1-26
Anu Kaushik, Vivek
Chauhan, “Recent Review on Parentral Products- Sterile Dosage Form”; Vol-3, Issue-1 2017, Page no.970-975.
Sagar R. Banode, 1
Moein S. Attar, 2 Girish Picche1, “Brief Review of Different Typesof Parentral Devices”; Vol. 6, 8 Aug 2015, Page no.1133-1139.
T. Balakrishna et
al, a review on pharmacuetical containers and closures, indo AM SP-(sci, 2016; 318)
20. Roop K Khar,SP Vyas,Farhan J Ahmad, Gaurav
K Jain; “The Theory And Practice Of Industrial Pharmacy”; edition 4th,2013,
Loyd V. Allen, Jr.,
Nichilas G. Popovich, Hopward C. Ansel, dosage form of drug delievery system”,
9th edition, 2011.
Heyam Saad Ali; “A
Comprehensive Review in Parentral Formulations”; Volume 3, Issue 1, January
2019, Page no 43-49’
Vinod P. Shah,
James DeMuth, and Desmond G. Hunt, Performance Test for Parentral Dosage
Forms”; November 2015, Page no-16-21.
Desmond Hunt; “Injections and Implanted Drug
Products (Parentrals)- Product Quality Tests”; May 1, 2016, Page no-1-5.