Anethuem graveolens (dill) is a traditional herb used for flavouring the food materials. It is used as herbal medicine and aromatic herb for the treatment of flatulence, indigestion, bad breath, lactation motivation, stomachache, insomnia, gastrointestinal complications, intestinal spasms. Anethum graveolens possess significant pharmacological activities, particularly in diabetes mellitus and cardiovasculars disorders. Aerial parts of the plant are famous for its clinical importance. Now, Fresh leaves and seeds in dried form of Anethum graveolens are frequently used for the treatment of diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular problems. Anethum graveolens also has hypolipidemic and hypoglycemic effects and it reduce the glucose level in blood. It has some important therapeutic effects and used in Iranian folk medicine as an anti-hypercholesterolaemic plant. Limonene and Carvone are the most important constituents of A. graveolens that suppress the cyclooxygenase 1 and 2 pathways and prevent the release of inflammatory mediators. It has also antiglycation and antioxidant properties in form of dill tablet. It is a herbal medicine used as hypolipidemic agent in Iran. Anethum graveolens is best known as a reducer of glucose, cholesterol and lipid in traditional medicines. It is favorable for the reduction of hypoglycemia and lipid disorders in diabetic patients. AG have the different pharmacological effects such as antimicrobial, antispasmodic, antisecretary, anticancer, antigastric irritation, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and mucosal protective effects.
Cite this article:
Aqsa Yousaf, Sammia Shahid. The study of Anethum graveolens L. (Dill) in the case of Diabetes mellitus (DM). Asian J. Res. Pharm. Sci. 2020; 10(4):248-256. doi: 10.5958/2231-5659.2020.00045.4
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