Medicinal Plants for cure Common Diseases in Shirpur (Maharashtra, India)

 

Ketan B. Patil1, Narendra B. Patil2*, Aashutosh A. Patil1

1Department of Pharmacy, Ahinsa Institute of Pharmacy, Dondaicha (Maharashtra).

2Department of Pharmacology, Colleage of Pharmacy, Dr. A.P.J. Abdul kalam University, Indore.

*Corresponding Author E-mail: pnarendra101@gmail.com

 

ABSTRACT:

Maharashtra is a state in the western region of India.Satpura ranges falls along the northern side of Shirpur Tehsil.where trible communities are residing among them prominnent are Pawara, Barela, Tadvi, Bhil, Gavit, etc.usually knowledge of medicinal plants and other uses of plants growing in the forests.most of population lives in villages and use various plants for their basic needs such as food,fooder,wood,and to treat various diseases.the present study is carried out in Tehsil Shirpur,regarding ethano-medicinal plants used by locals in their traditional health system.this study reveals the status of ethanomedicinal plants and their importance preserved by locals of tehsil shirpur.the paper encompasses the medicinal plants.these plants were coollected from different villages of shirpur tehsil and information was collected from locals peoples.the plants used by the local peoples are arranged alphabetically followed by Botanical name,family, local name, plants parts used and medicinal uses.

 

KEYWORDS: Ethanomedical plant, Shirpur, Ethanobotanical, Population, Satpura Hills.

 

 


INTRODUCTION:

India has very rich and diversified flora1. The diverse culture of our country is a rich sources of traditional, many of which are plants origin2. According to the WHO as the 80% of worlds population depends on traditional medicines for their primary health care needs3. today about 65% of Indian population depends on the traditional system of medicine4. They diagnose and cure different diseases through their own traditional knowledge5.

 

The traditional knowledge of these Herbal plant is popular among the indigenous and local communities. tribal communities residing in the Satpura Hills areas aresolely dependant on these readily availables resources. shirpur is the tribal dominated in Dhule district. Pawara, Barela, Tadvi, Bhil, Gavit, etc. are among the prominant tribal communities residing in the satpura Hill ranges of shirpur tehsil. language spoken is marathi, ahirani, Pawari and Bhillau. Inspite of rich and diversified plants wealth these are very few reports of ethano-medicinal from this area6,7.

 

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

During the survey all plant specimens were collected, Identified.the present study was conducted in shirpur tehsil in dhule district, Maharashtra, India. the information regarding the plants was meet by the personal meeting with experienced local persons and with the help of various ayurvedic Books.the plant specimens collected durings fields visits were indentified and preserved in the form of herbarium after drying in the folds of Blotting sheets and data related to each ethanobotanical aspects were collected from local people of that area.after from that all data gathering the whole information ethano-medicinal plants.the data were analysed and sortout with related literature and then report documented.


 

Table no.1 Details of Plants.

Sr. No.

Botanical Name

Family

Local Name

Plants parts

Medicinal uses

1

Acacia chundra

Mimosaceae

Khair

Bark

Dry cough

2

Acacia Leucopholea

Mimosaceae

Hivvar

Leaves

Cough

3

Aegle marmelos

Rutceae

Bel

Leaves

Flatulence and abdominal pain

4

Allium sativum

Alliaceae

Lahsun

Bulb

Bulb is used joint pain, ear drop in ear ache.

5

Anogeissus latifolia

Combretaceae

Dhawada

Stem bark

Urinary trouble, Diarrhoea and cough.

6

Argemone mexicana

Papaverace

Pivala dhotra

seeds

Scabies.

7

Azadirrachta indica

Meliaceae

kadunimb

Leaves, stem, Bark, seeds

Skin disease, injury, tooth ache

8

Bambusa arundinacea

Poaceae

Bamboo

Culms

Injurys

9

Begonia crelnata

Begoniaceae

Jangli ambatchuka

Leaves

Reduces thirstiness

10

Brassica junea

Brassicaceae

Mohari

Seed oil

Ear ache.

11

Butea monosperma

Papilionaceae

Palas

Stzm, bark, seed, petiole, root

Constipation, emetic, swelling, urinary complaints, cough, mouth wash, Antidote.

12

Calotropis procera

Asclepiadaceae

Ruchkin

Leaves

Used as swelling of inflammation, scorpionsting

13

Carica papaya

Cariaceae

Papai

Latex

Used as fruit and diabetes

14

Cassia aussiculate

Caesalpiniaceae

Aawin

Leaves

Swellings and constipation

15

Cassia obtusifolia

Caesalpiniaceae

Tarota

Leaves

Migraine, Headache

16

Citrus limonis

Rutaceae

Limbu

Fruits

Juice is taken orally for indigestion and as facial purpose.

17

Coriandrum sativum

Apiaceae

Dhana

Seed

Used digestion, fresh juice applied on scalp to treat dandruff.

18

Curcuma longa

Zingiberaceae

Halad

Seed

Wound healing and inflammation and facial purpose.

19

Dichrostachys cinerea

Leguminosae

Hivvar

Leaves

Snake bite

20

Diospyrous melanoxylan

Ebenaceae

Jaam

Fruit

Cough and diarrhoea

21

Euphorbia heliscopia

Euphorbiaceaae

Dudhai

Fruit

Skin eruption and cholera

22

Ficus bengalenisis

Moraceae

Vad

Leaves

Antiseptic is used in cuts and wounds

23

Ficus racemosa

Moraceae

Umber

Latex

Diarrhoea

24

Ficus religiosa

Moraceae

Pimpal

Leaf

Tooth ache

25

Foeniculum valgare

Umbelliferae

Baddisauf

Seed

Used as digestion

26

Hibiscus rosa-sinensis

Malvaceae

Jaswand

Leaves

Mouth ulcers, pilles, menorrhegia

27

Ipomonea hendrifolia

Convol ulaceae

Gandwel

Leaf

Scabies

28

Jasminum officinale

Oleaceae

Chameli

Flower

Fever

29

Madhuca longifolia

Sapotaceae

Mahu

Leaves

Buffalo or goat after delivery for early detachment of Jar (Placenta)

30

Magnifera officinalis

Anaeardiaceae

Aamba

Fruit

Pickle and tooth ache

31

Mimosa pudica

Febaceae

Lajalu

Leaves

Epilepsy

32

Ocimum sanctum

Lamiaceae

Tulsi

Leaves

Cough, cold, effective in reducing stress

33

Ocimum tenuiflorum

Lamiaceae

Ran tulsi

Leaves

Skin infection

34

Phyllanthus emblica

Euphorbiaceae

Avala

Fruit

Source of vitamin C and tonic for pregnant womens

35

Ricinus communis

Euphorbiaceae

Erand

Leaves and seed oil

Swelling in abdomen, swelling of joints, jaundice and dental caries

36

Senna tora

Caesalpunioiddeace

-

Roots

Arthritis

37

Syzgium cumini

Combretaceae

Jamun

Stem and bark

Diarrhoea

38

Tinospora cordiofolia

Menispermaceae

-

Root

Rheumatism

39

Xanthium indicum

Asteraceae

Kutri

Root

Body heat reduces

40

Ziziphus mauritiana

Rhamnaceae

Bor

Leaves

Injurys

41

Zinziber officinalis

Zingiberaaceae

Aale

Roots

Cough and sneezing


RESULTS:

Total 41 medicinal plants were studied in Tehsil shirpur, Maharashtra (India). are very valuable for cough, cold, skin problems, inflammation, burns, cut and wounds, some plant species in addition to medicinal plants which are already known for their medicinal values most of those plants were commonly cultivated incrop filed, some were found in villages, padas (small tribal area), surrounding, forest area and waste land, most of plant species the maximum plants were use their medicinal importance use of cultural and religious importance plants used by locals were in alphabetical order of Botanical name, family, Local name, plants parts used and medicinal uses shown in table No.1.

 

CONCLUSIONS:

Plants have been used for health and medicinal purpose for several thousand years. In olden days folk tradition based ethano-botanical knowledge has been used for to cure disease.

 

A majority of the world population in developing countries still relives in herbal medicines to meet their health needs. tribal communities are solely dependant on plants for their medication; hence they are practicing the methods generation after generation sucessfully.

 

CONFLICT OF INTREST: None.

 

REFERENCE:

1.      Azaizeh H., Fuldar S., Khalil K., Said O., Ethanomedicinal knowledge of local arab practitioners in the middle East Region, Filoterrapia, 2003, 74, 98-108.

2.      Bhamare P.B., Borase S.C. and Patil D.A., Medicinal plantore of the tribals of dhule (maharashtra), Biojournal, 1990, 2(1), 47-54.

3.      Bhamre P.B. and Yadav V.V., Ethano-medico-botanical studoes pf dhule forests in maharashtra state, J. Econ. Tax. Bot., 1989, 13(2), 455-460.

4.      H.M. Patil, S.J. Patil, Ethano veternary medicinal preparations pf tribals from shirpur tehsil, dhule district, Maharashtra, India; Kathmandu University Journal of Science, engineering and technology, 2013, 9(1), 134-139.

5.      Hafeel A., Shankhar D., Revitalsing Indigenous health practices, COMPAS Newsletter, 1999, 28-29.

6.      Munish Kumar, Bandu sharma (2014), Commonly used medicinal plants in tehsil Baijnath kangra, Himachal pradesh, India; Research in Pharmacy, 2014, 14(5), 11-15.

7.      Timmermans K., Intellectual property rights and traditional medicine: Policy oilemmas at the interface, 2003, WHO, Jakarta.

 

 

 

Received on 27.09.2019††††††††††† Modified on 17.10.2019

Accepted on 10.11.2019††††††††††† © A&V Publications All right reserved

Asian J. Res. Pharm. Sci. 2019; 9(4):273-275.

DOI: 10.5958/2231-5659.2019.00043.2