Volume No. :   9

Issue No. :  4

Year :  2019

ISSN Print :  2231-5640

ISSN Online :  2231-5659


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A Case Report on Hepatic Encephalopathy in Chronic Liver Disease with Portal Hypertension



Address:   Sai Saran Thokada*
Department of Pharmacy Practice, Vignan Institute of Pharmaceutical Technology, Duvvada, Visakhapatnam
*Corresponding Author
DOI No: 10.5958/2231-5659.2019.00042.0

ABSTRACT:
Hepatic Encephalopathy (HE) is broadly defined as a reversible and metabolically induces neuropsychiatric complication, often associated with cirrhosis. Manifestations mainly occur due to the accumulations of toxic substances in the liver, which are actively removed by the liver. Chronic liver disease in the clinical context is a disease process of the liver that involves a process of progressive destruction and regeneration of the liver parenchyma leading to fibrosis and cirrhosis. The present case report deals with the study of 42 years old male who was admitted with chief complaints of diarrheal illness, abdominal distension and fever. It was also accompanied by pedal swelling. Upon physical examination, dilated veins were found on the anterior abdominal wall from below upwards. Laboratory tests performed included complete sodium and potassium (serum), blood count, urea and creatinine tests, liver function tests and also specialized tests such as CT scan and ultra sound were performed where hepatic encephalopathy in chronic liver disease with portal hypertension was confirmed.
KEYWORDS:
Hepatic encephalopathy, chronic liver disease, decompensation, acute diarrheal illness, portal hypertension.
Cite:
Sai Saran Thokada. A Case Report on Hepatic Encephalopathy in Chronic Liver Disease with Portal Hypertension. Asian J. Res. Pharm. Sci. 2019; 9(4):270-272.
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