Volume No. :   8

Issue No. :  4

Year :  2018

ISSN Print :  2231-5640

ISSN Online :  2231-5659


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Etiology and Management of Pediatric Seizures: A Descriptive Cross-Sectional Study



Address:   Vinodkumar Mugada*, Raj Kiran Kolakota
Department of Pharmacy Practice, Vignan Institute of Pharmaceutical Technology, Duvvada, AP, India
*Corresponding Author
DOI No: 10.5958/2231-5659.2018.00039.5

ABSTRACT:
The aim of the study was to know the etiology and types of various seizures in all children of age less than six years and to determine the type of management of seizures. This was a descriptive cross-sectional study carried out on 109 pediatric patients. Purposive sampling technique was employed for sampling. Patients of age less than six years and who are willing to cooperate were included in the study. Children with other diseases and critically ill patients were excluded from the study. 40.3% (44) children experienced their first seizure when they are less than one year of age (26 were males and 18 were females). 62.3% of children had common generalized tonic-clonic seizures. Febrile seizures were the most common cause among the children. Monotherapy was administered to the majority of patients (58.7%). Phenytoin was the most commonly used antiepileptic drug in patients receiving monotherapy. Febrile seizures are common and they can be effectively managed by using Phenytoin as monotherapy.
KEYWORDS:
Pediatric, seizures, antiepileptic drugs, phenytoin, febrile.
Cite:
Vinodkumar Mugada, Raj Kiran Kolakota. Etiology and Management of Pediatric Seizures: A Descriptive Cross-Sectional Study. Asian J. Res. Pharm. Sci. 2018; 8(4): 236-240.
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